International School of Analytical Psychology Zurich

07 Association Experiment & Theory of Complexes


Basic literature


C.G. Jung

CW 2

Experimental Researches. JCE2

Part I: “Studies in Word Association”: “The Association of Normal Subjects”; “Experimental Observation on the Faculty of Memory”; “Psychoanalysis and Association Experiments”; “Association, Dream and Hysterical Symptom”; “The Psychological Diagnosis of Evidence”; “The Association Method”; “The Family Constellation”.

Appendix: “On the Doctrine of Complexes”.

CW 3

The Psychogenesis of Mental Disease. JCE3

“The Psychology of Dementia Praecox”

CW 8

The Structure and Dynamics of the Psyche. JCE8

“On Psychic Energy”

“Review of the Complex Theory”


Other Jungian publications

Amer, K.

“Histographic Challenges in Understanding the Development of Psychoanalysis: Connecting Flournoy, Freud and Jung and the Creative Unconscious”. The Independent Scholar Vol. 6 (February 2020), pp. 4-8. Open access. XW156

Bovensiepen, G.

“Attachment-Dissociation Network: Some Thoughts About a Modern Complex Theory”. In: Journal of Analytical Psychology 51:3 (2006), pp. 451-466. Z7

Brewster, F.

The Racial Complex: Jungian Perspective on Culture and Race. London: Routledge, 2020. PA552

Cramer, P.

Word Association. New York: Academic, 1968. P32

Dieckmann, H.

Complexes: Diagnosis and Therapy in Analytical Psychology. Willmette: Chiron, 1999. PA-Di2E

Hill, J.

“Individuation and the Association Experiment”. In: Spring 1975, pp. 145-151. XW36, Z18

Jacobi, J.

Complex / Archetype / Symbol in the Psychology of C. G. Jung. New York: Pantheon Books, 1959. PA-Ja3E

Kast, V.

The Dynamics of Symbols. New York: Fromm Int'l, 1992. PA-Ka11E

The Association Experiment in the Therapeutic Context. Excerpts in English by Irene Gad. (Privately printed for the students.) XW5

Kimbles, S.

Intergenerational Complexes in Analytical Psychology. London: Routledge, 2021. PA613

Knox, J.

Archetype, Attachment, Analysis. Jungian Psychology and the Emergent Mind. London: Routledge, 2003. PA-332

Krieger, N.

Bridges to Consciousness: Complexes and Complexity. London: Routledge, 2014. PA435

“A dynamic systems approach to the feeling toned complex”. Journal of Analytical Psychology Vol. 64:5 (2019), pp. 738-760. Z7

Meier, C.A.

The Unconscious in Its Empirical Manifestations. Boston: Sigo, 1984. PA-Me1E

Meier, I.

“Basic needs and complexes: similarities between feeling-toned complexes, emotional schema and affective states”, Journal of Analytical Psychology Vol. 64:5 (2019), pp. 761-779. Z7

Ribi, A.

Demons of the Inner World: Understanding our Hidden Complexes. Boston: Shambhala, 1990. PA-Rb1E

Shalit, E.

The Complex: Path of Transformation from Archetype to Ego. Toronto: Inner City Books, 2002. PA202

Shamdasani, S.

Jung and the Making of Modern Psychology: The Dream of a Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. JX76

Singer, T.

Vision, Reality and Complex: Jung, Politics and Culture. London: Routledge, 2021. PA579


Non-Jungian publications

Solms, M.,
Panksepp, J.

“The Id Knows More than the Ego Admits: Neuropsychoanalytic and Primal Consciousness Perspectives on the Interface between Affective and Cognitive Neuroscience”. Brain Sciences 2(2), June 2012, pp. 147-175. Open access:


Further literature

Alcaro, A.,
Carta, S.,
Panksepp, J.

“The Affective Core of the Self”. Frontiers in Psychology 01 September 2017, pp. 1-13.

Panksepp, J.,
Biven, L.

The Archaeology of Mind: Neuroevolutionary Origins of Human Emotions. New York: W. W. Norton, 2012. P264